Kiwi Fruit, common name for a southeast-Asian vine, also called Chinese
gooseberry and yangtao, and for its edible fruit. The small, oval fruit has a
thin brownish-green skin with a fuzzy surface. The flesh, which is a distinctive
green, with tiny purplish seeds surrounding a white core, may be eaten raw or
The history of the kiwifruit began in the Chang Kiang Valley of China.
Called Yang Tao, it was considered a delicacy by the great Khans who
relished the fruit's brilliant flavor and emerald-green color. Knowledge of
the fruit expanded to other countries in the mid 1800s to 1900s. A collector
for the Royal Horticultural Society of Britain send samples home in 1847,
and another send seeds to England in 1900.
Plants were first exported from China to the United States in 1904, and seeds
were brought to New Zealand in 1906. Kiwifruit is available worldwide today
and is produced in New Zealand, the United States, Italy, Japan, France,
Greece, Spain, Australia, and Chile.
Due to California kiwifruit's late fall harvest, fresh kiwifruit is available
to U.S. and Canadian consumers during the winter months, an uncommon time for
the "homegrown" fresh fruits. With proper storage and handling, California
kiwifruit is available for up to eight months - from October through May.
How to Store:
Store unripe kiwis at room temperature until skin indents slightly when touched.
Place kiwi in a paper bag with an apple or banana, or in a ripening bowl to
speed ripening. Ripe kiwis can be kept in the refrigerator for up to three weeks.
Basic Nutritional Facts:
According to recent studies, kiwifruit is the most nutrient dense of all the
· Low fat
· Saturated fat-free
· High in fiber
· High in vitamin C
· A good source of vitamin E
· A good source of potassium
Detailed nutritional informatin can be found by searching the
USDA Nutritional Database
. Enter "Kiwi" (no quotes) as the keyword and select the link and report of
Kiwi fruit belongs to the family Actinidiaceae. It is classified as